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  • Samuel at Gilgal

    This year I will be sharing brief excerpts from the articles, sermons, and books I am currently reading. My posts will not follow a regular schedule but will be published as I find well-written thoughts that should be of interest to maturing Christian readers. Whenever possible, I encourage you to go to the source and read the complete work of the author.

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The Humanity of Jesus

The Bible and Apollinarianism:

Apollinarianism was a heresy taught by Apollinaris the Younger in Syria about 361 A.D. He taught that the Logos of God took the place of the rational human soul of Jesus and that the body of Christ was a glorified form of human nature. Jesus was a man, but He did not have a human mind. Apollinaris taught that the two natures of Christ could not coexist within one person and so he lessened the human nature of Christ.

Apollinarianism was condemned by the Second General Council at Constantinople in 381 A.D. This heresy denies the true and complete humanity of Jesus which jeopardizes the value of the atonement. Jesus has to be both God and man to atone. He must be God to offer a holy sacrifice and He must be a man to die for men.

The Bible teaches:

“Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.” (Hebrews 2:17 ESV)

“For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.” (Hebrews 4:15 ESV)

“For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, he condemned sin in the flesh. . . .” (Romans 8:3 ESV)

“But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law. . . .” (Galatians 4:4 ESV)

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